), the Romans divided the conquered territory into four districts, it became the capital of the second of these (Livy xlv.29), while later, after the organization of the single Roman province of Macedonia in 146 B.C., it was the seat of the governor and thus practically the capital of the whole province. And that's what they did, as "the Lord's message rang out" from the Thessalonian church ( 1 Thessalonians 1:8 ). Dinner and overnight in Thessaloniki. Thessalonica - Modern Salonika or Thessalonika. Greece under Theban Headship (362 B.C.) Sintagmatos, Athina 105 63, Greece and Olympic Tennis Center Athens, Marousi 151 23, Greece, Athens, Kentrikos Tomeas Athinon, Greece and Eolou1,krinides, 640 03 Kavala, Greece, Solun, Thessaloniki, Greece and Perdika, Athens, Kentrikos Tomeas Athinon, Greece, Athens, Kentrikos Tomeas Athinon, Greece and Mesolongion, Aetolia Acarnania, Greece, ?? Because of Thessalonica's importance during the early . de Macedoine,' 272;; and other travelers. Thessalonica is a large city of perhaps 200,000 people. May 29 - June 10, 2022. Copyright 2013 Reformation Herald Publishing Association, 5240 Hollins Road, Roanoke, Virginia. At Philippi he was close to the confines of Thracian barbarism, and on the spot where the last battle was fought in defense of the Republic. It certainly came as a surprise to me! https://www.thoughtco.com/maps-of-ancient-greece-4122979 (accessed March 4, 2023). Berea was a place of momentary refuge, an accidental stop along Pauls missionary journey. Acts 17:1721. The technical storage or access is required to create user profiles to send advertising, or to track the user on a website or across several websites for similar marketing purposes. Knossos was famous for the Minoan labyrinth. Berea sat at the base of Mount Bermius, which is part of the Vermio Mountains and provides an ample supply of water for the city and the region. After two days, a traitor led the Persians around the pass behind the Greek army. For that reason, an overland route was a crucial alternative. As he saw the magnificence of the city, with its costly devices, he realized its seductive power over the minds of the lovers of art and science. Note that you can see Byzantium (Constantinople) on this map. The teachers of the truth were again driven from their field of labor. Acts 17:16. Well ignore the cities Paul merely passed through, focusing on the three where he spent time preaching the gospel. Distance: 5103.4 miles; Duration: 19h 50m . "The Attica of Pausanias." In August 480 B.C., they attacked the Greeks at the two-meter wide pass at Thermopylae that controlled the only road between Thessaly and Central Greece. First trip What's. Jkov(QajbQML(#P2CYe]l+WM Nicopolis When I send Artemas to you, or Tychicus, make haste to come to me at Nicopolis; for I have decided to spend the winter there (Titus 3:12). The favorable report brought back by Timothy was a great comfort to Paul, and at the same time intensified his longing to see his converts again (1 Thessalonians 3:10, 11). Myra And after sailing across the sea by Cilicia and Pamphylia, we came to the city of Myra in Lycia (Acts 27:5). In 58 B.C. They were an Indo-European group of people related to the Thracians. To the west, the Greeks established colonies in and near Italy. It is usually maintained that the earlier name of Thessalonica was Therma or Therme, a town mentioned both by Herodotus (vii.121;, 179;) and by Thucydides (i0.61; ii.29), but that its chief importance dates from about 315 B.C., when the Macedonian king Cassander, son of Antipater, enlarged and strengthened it by concentrating there the population of a number of neighboring towns and villages, and renamed it after his wife Thessalonica, daughter of Philip II and step-sister of Alexander the Great. Royal Sec. The city was occupied by German forces in early April. The philosopher Thales and the poet Sappho were active during this time as well. "The Roman Empire at its Greatest Extent." From Athens Paul directed his steps to Corinth, where he appears to have arrived in the autumn of A.D.52. Map of Macedonia, Dacia, Thrace, and Moesia, The Path of Alexander the Great in Europe, Asia, and Africa, Thebes on Map of Greece in the Peloponnesian War. Then the brethren immediately sent away by night to Berea both Paul . The lower area of Greece, the Peloponnese, was made up of poleis allied with Sparta, except for Achaea and Argos. Note: Christian knowledge bears its own stamp of unmeasured superiority in all that concerns the preparation for the future, immortal life. The Jews in Thessalonica came to Berea and started causing trouble for Paul, so the Christians sent him to Athens, but Silas and Timothy stayed in Berea intending to join Paul as soon as possible. After teaching some in Berea, Paul departed ahead of Silas and Timothy, southward into Achaia (now southern Greece), to Athens, possibly for the winter of 51-52 AD (Acts 17:14-15). Other literature is of little value when compared with this. During the Peloponnesian War, it supported Sparta against Athens. It was an important communication and trade center, located at the junction of the great Egnatian Way and the road leading north . This harbor offered easy access to the Aegean and the south. Through the years I have developed a passion for Bible study that has made my life richer and my relationship with God stronger. N.S. History of Persia/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY 4.0. Appii Forum, Puteoli, Rhegium, Rome, Syracuse, Three Taverns Roman cities Paul travels through on his way to trial in Rome (Acts 28:12 - 15). This southern part of Greece is separated from the northern landmass by the Isthmus of Corinth. In short, it was a commercial hub, and it was the wealthiest city of Macedonia. The map shows, to the southeast, the most famous Greek theater, the Theatre of Dionysus, the site of which was in use until late Roman times from the 6th century B.C., when it was used as an orchestra. From Athens to Corinth, passing through Antioch and Ephesus, here is a summary of Paul's travels, including an indication of where those locations are on today's map. In the meantime, Id love to hear your comments! The Historical Atlas by William R. Shepherd, 1923. This soon drew a crowd of listeners about them. User:Alexikoua, User:Panthera tigris tigris, TL User:Reedside/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY 3.0. Greek Railways (OSE) operates a train from Athens to Thessaloniki every 4 hours. Paul and Silas preached to them during Paul's second missionary journey. Jerusalem And when Saul came to Jerusalem, he attempted to join himself to the disciples; but all were afraid of him, not believing that he was a disciple (Acts 9:26). Arabia, Damascus Nor did I go up to Jerusalem to those who were apostles before me; but I went away into Arabia, and returned again to Damascus (Galatians 1:17). Troy is referred to in the legend of the Trojan War of Greece. Dissertatio geographica, Berlin, 1839; compare also the Histories of Gibbon and Finlay. This reference map displays Asia Minor under the Greeks and Romans. How far is it between Thessalonki and Athens. ~ 1eg&8W8w3dJ]q(7+_zm'` Q.6TmTd($P'ce=) Yt:rE>8,6uQa@pH fb>>>dxuI&E:YjC8 Q=U His journey took him along the Via Egnatia, or Egnatian Way. It was the terminus of another major road from the Danube in the north. Jorge Valenzuela A/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY 3.0. (Color Map) Map of New Testament Italy - This map reveals the cities within Italy during the first century A.D., the time of the New Testament. The Thessalonica of Pauls day, on the other hand, laid claim to some enviable features. We should inquire, not what the minister, the church, or some personal friend may say, but what the Lord says. The Signs of the Times, November 26, 1885. 84y$jT|H T0Z+,&:-DU Ancient Aegean civilizations include the European Bronze Age time period. be-re'-a (Beroia or Berroia):(1) A town of southwestern Macedonia, in the district of Emathia. A letter to the author, from Athens, dated April, 1884, states that it is a flourishing village, population about 8000. This map shows Greece at the time of the war with Persia in 500-479 B.C. Paperback, University of California Libraries, January 1, 1907. Some were prepared to ridicule the apostle as one far beneath them, socially and intellectually. 2 As was his custom, Paul went into the synagogue, and on three Sabbath days he reasoned with them from the Scriptures, 3 explaining and proving that the Messiah had to suffer and rise from . I Thessalonians 1:510. 1 What sad result must be expected by all who proclaim unpopular truth? The magistrates were duly alive to the seriousness of the accusation, but, since no evidence was forthcoming of illegal practices on the part of Jason or the other Christians, they released them on security (Acts 17:5-9). . Thus, many in Berea believed the gospel message. But he carefully drew their minds away from heathen deities, by revealing to them the true God, whom they were endeavoring to worship, but Who was to them unknown, as they themselves confessed by a public inscription. Sketches from the Life of Paul, 97. The main sources of water were the Haliacmon and Axios Rivers, which supported apple, peach and pear orchards. That is undoubtedly why Paul left the main road, traveling in a direction would-be pursuers would never guess. Singinglemon/Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain. In 362, Athens took over again. Malta Island near where the apostle is shipwrecked during his fourth missionary journey (Acts 28:1). In fact, the Roman statesman and philosopher Cicero once described Berea as off the beaten track.. The Thessalonian Church:The Thessalonian church was a strong and flourishing one, composed of Gentiles rather than of Jews, if we may judge from the tone of the two Epistles addressed to its members, the absence of quotations from and allusions to the Old Testament, and the phrase "Ye turned unto God from idols" (1 Thessalonians 1:9; compare also 2:14). The map shows the boundaries of districts in Roman times. The Jews from Thessalonica followed and persecuted them ( Acts 17:10-13 ). Had his oration been a direct attack upon their gods, and the great men of the city who were before him, he would have been in danger of meeting the fate of Socrates. The Acropolis was a fortified citadel from prehistoric times. Answer. And after greeting the brethren, we remained one day with them. According to Zondervans Pictorial Encyclopedia of the Bible (not in the digital version), Lukes use of the word was once dismissed as a mistake but is now recognized as a Macedonian term. When Paul traveled to a new place, if there was a synagogue, he always went there. It is true that in the Greek world of previous centuries, many women, especially high-status women, had led cloistered, hidden lives. Aulis was a port town in Boeotia that was used en route to Asia. Alexander the Great died in 323 B.C. Megistias/Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain. The most improtant archaoelogical, religious and cultural destinations along with several museums and monuments are available. Distance calculations Athens (Attiki) Thessaloniki (Thessaloniki) 303.13: Piraeus (Attiki) Patrai (Acha?a) 169.73: Peristerion (Piraios Nomos) Irakleion (Irakleion) 325.33: Larisa (Larisa) Kallithea (Piraios Nomos) Berea Paul, Silas, and Timothy found noble souls to teach during Paul's second missionary journey. Gaius, too, who is mentioned in conjunction with Aristarchus, may have been a Thessalonian (Acts 19:29). A number of "Gr women of honorable estate and of men" also believed, but the advent of a body of hostile Jews from Thessalonica created a disturbance in consequence of which Paul had to leave the city, though Silas and Timothy stayed there for a few days longer (Acts 17:12-15). I am convinced that anyone who invests the time and energy into building better Bible study habits will become passionate about this wonderful way to draw closer to God. Click on the icons for description and link. The Spartan general and King Leonidas were in charge of the Greek forces that tried to restrain the vast Persian army and keep them from attacking the rear of the Greek navy. This name, usually shortened since medieval times into Salonica or Saloniki, it has retained down to the present. (berea), Vergna, Kalambaka Today we'll follow the footsteps of Paul in Thessalonki, named after Thessalonica, the sister of Alexander the Great. After the battle of Pydba in 168 B.C. You need 2 hour to reach athens, Greece from berea , if you are travelling by car. Study Help: The Acts of the Apostles, 228242. But after a short time in Athens, Paul felt the need to receive a report from the newborn church in Thessalonica, so he sent Timothy back to serve and minister to the new believers there. This title occurs nowhere in Greek literature, but its correctness is proved beyond possibility of question by its occurrence in a number of inscriptions of this period, which have come to light in Thessalonica and the neighborhood, and will be found collected in AJT (1898, 598) and in M. G. Dimitsas, (Makedonia), 422;. In the Bronze Age, Athens and Sparta rose as powerful regional cultures. Merchants saw the road as valuable. The mind must be constantly restrained and guarded. When people hear the gospel, they can respond in different ways. His solitude in that great city where God was not worshiped was oppressive; and he longed for the sympathy and aid of his fellow-laborers. The city Paul visits is clearly not the Athens of classical antiquity, but a city humbled by the centuries. From the 6th to the 9th century it was engaged in repeated struggles against Avars, Slavonians and Bulgarians, whose attacks it repelled with the utmost difficulty. Ida was sacred to Rhea and held the cave in which she put her son Zeus so he could grow up in safety away from his children-eating father Kronos. In Luke's day, Thessalonica is an important link between the rich Macedonian agricultural interior and land and sea trade routes. Howatson, M. C. "The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature." It may be identical with BEEROTH (which see) in Benjamin, a Hivite town, 8 miles North of Jerusalem, or with the modern Birez-Zait, 1 1/2 miles Northwest of Jifneh.W. Going to Berea, they raised a tumult there also, and made it necessary for Paul to leave the town and go to Athens (Acts 17:14, 15).Several points in this account are noteworthy as illustrating the strict accuracy of the narrative of the Acts. To provide the best experiences, we use technologies like cookies to store and/or access device information. 09 of 30 Eastern Aegean User:Megistias/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY 2.5 The Dacians occupied Dacia, a region north of the Danube later known as Romania. This map shows Greece during the Peloponnesian War (431 B.C.). (see map, p. 2280). . Paul and Silas came to Berea from Thessalonica which they had been forced by an uproar to leave, and preached in the synagogue to the Jews, many of whom believed after a candid examination of the apostolic message in the light of their Scriptures (Acts 17:10, 11). Ancient Greeks and Phoenicians colonized many places in Europe along the coasts of the Mediterranean and theBlack Sea. How long Paul remained at Thessalonica on his 1st visit we cannot precisely determine; certainIy we are not to regard his stay there as confined to three weeks, and Ramsay suggests that it probably extended from December, 50 A.D., to May, 51 A.D. (St. Paul the Traveler, 228). BERE'A, a city of Macedonia, 45 ms. w. of Thessalonica and 22 ms. w. of the gulf of Salonica, the same distance n. of Mt. Contributed by Sweet Publishing. A free city, capital of the Roman province of Macedonia in northern Greece. Berea Then the brethren immediately sent away by night to Berea both Paul and Silas (Acts 17:10). Paul, the great missionary strategist, must have seen that from no other center could Macedonia be permeated with the gospel so effectively as from Thessalonica (1 Thessalonians 1:8).But his success roused the jealousy of the Jews, who raised a commotion among the dregs of the city populace (Acts 17:5). Note: Paul was an Adventist; he presented the important event of the second coming of Christ with such power and reasoning that a deep impression, which never wore away, was made upon the minds of the Thessalonians. Sketches from the Life of Paul, 83.